The World Economic Forum publishes its annual report on global competitiveness index of global competitiveness. What is it? This is a comparison of individual countries based on their economic productivity. Forum follows the 12 pillars of competitiveness and monitors more than 100 economic indicators. This year, 144 countries studied. Which countries have come from a comparison of the best?
TOP 10 world's best economies
Note: Figures in brackets indicate the order in all the countries evaluated.
The index value: 5.40
GDP per capita: 45 920 USD (18 best)
Debt to GDP: 229.8% (1 worst)
Internet users: 79.5% (17th best)
Infant mortality rate: 2.4 per 1 000 births (7th best)
Japan has the third-highest gross domestic product in the world, creating a large domestic and foreign demand for their products and services. According to the World Economic Forum exports a wide range of products - from simple products to products with high added value, such as semiconductors or automobile parts. Manufacturing processes for its technological advancement evaluated as the best in the world. Regarding the investment in R & D, Japan won second place, leaving far behind the United States, which ranked in this category to seventh place.
9th Hong Kong
The index value: 5.41
GDP per capita: 34 049 USD (26 best)
Debt to GDP: 33.9% (52nd best)
Internet users: 74.5% (25th best)
Infant mortality rate: 1.3 per 1000 births (1 best)
Hong Kong excels in quality infrastructure. Railroads, ports, air transport - all of which are essential to economic development and economic activity. Despite the extremely small size of the 40th Hong Kong generates highest GDP of 144 countries evaluated. According to the World Economic Forum has this special administrative region of the People's Republic of China most developed financial market and easily surpass such greats like the United States that have been ranked at the 16th position or China itself at the 54th site.
8th Great Britain
The index value: 5.45
GDP per capita: 38 592 USD (22 best)
Debt to GDP: 82.5% (18th worst)
Internet users: 82.0% (14th best)
Infant mortality rate: 4.6 per 1000 births (29 best)
Great Britain is best placed in efficiency of the labor market - ranked fifth. Since the countries successfully preventing brain drain, occupied in the fourth category. The United Kingdom is doing well in many areas, on the other hand has a weakness. Like other European countries must face the difficult macroeconomic conditions. Debt at 82.5% of GDP in the UK takes twenty worst. Despite the ongoing austerity measures, the British office for budgetary responsibility statement that for the recovery of public finances will be needed to raise taxes or cut spending, or enact measures simultaneously. Increasing taxes would certainly not like British citizens.Taxes and poor access to finance in the UK are among the major obstacles in business.
The index value: 5.47
GDP per capita: 48 387 USD (14 best)
Debt to GDP: 102.9% (9th Worst)
Internet users: 77.9% (20th best)
Infant mortality rate: 6.5 per 1 000 births (41st best)
USA has the highest GDP in the world. After China, the world's second largest exporter. USA is one of the top ten innovators. Cooperation between universities and the private sector is very developed, the third after Switzerland and Great Britain. U.S. has enough engineers and scientists in the future may therefore rely on a strong source of innovation capacity. However, the country's competitiveness may be threatened by rising government deficits. In the year 2011 reached 9.6% of GDP.In relative terms, it is one of the highest deficits in the world.
The index value: 5.48
GDP per capita: 43 742 USD (20th best)
Debt to GDP: 81.5% (19th worst)
Internet users: 83.0% (12th best)
Infant mortality rate: 3.4 per 1,000 births (17th best)
In business sophistication Germany ranked the third place, seven points higher than the U.S.. Country produces a wide variety of products from food to cars, and therefore in this category took first place. In the ability to build clusters (groups of cooperating companies within a certain territory - ed. Red.) Was rated as the eighth best. In the category of innovation, Germany was also overcome by only seven states. As for state aid for research and development, even Germany occupied fourth place.
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