TNBiz (TNBiz)
Czech republic  |  October 05, 2012 08:00:11

PROFILE: Vaclav Havel, a symbol of the fall of the totalitarian regime in Czechoslovakia, the celebrated seventy-sixth


PRAGUE (MEDIAFAX) - A leading figure of the events of November 1989, and former president Vaclav Havel would have lived on Friday šestasedmdesátých birthday. Former president died quietly in his sleep last year 18th December at his house in Hrádeček.

In November 1989, Vaclav Havel became the leading figure of the political changes and face the "Velvet Revolution". As a candidate of the Civic Forum elected the 29th December 1989 still Communist Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia Havel first democratic president.

The second time he was elected president after the first free elections on the 5th July 1990. When it became clear that the Federation Slovakia is coming to the division, resigned 20th July 1992 from his position and for several months, withdrew from political life. On 26 January 1993 Chamber of Deputies elected Vaclav Havel, the first president of the Czech Republic.

The presidency was perceived controversial. One of his first steps was the amnesty, which was released in two thirds of criminal prisoners. Political prisoners were given the freedom before he takes office. A significant part of the Czech public did not agree with the number of awards granted by the grace and mercy that hit in lawsuits against Havel friends.

Havel's popularity declined and marriage to actress Dagmar Veskrnova, which closed less than a year after the death of his first wife Olga. Political opponents, such as Václav Klaus, Havel criticized too active interference with normal policy, particularly in the formation of the government (in particular the establishment of the caretaker government headed by Josef Tosovsky in 1997), the use of the presidential veto and other powers. Another object of criticism happened backstage management policies, support thecastle Party (KDU-CSL, the Freedom Union) or Havel's support for civil society.

While his popularity in the Czech Republic during the presidency has declined, international reputation it is unaffected. Havel remained an icon of the struggle for freedom and democracy. He was repeatedly nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize. Former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the U.S. State Madeleine Albright summed up its characteristics in the following sentences: "Czech President Havel made the nation proud, and thanks to him I am proud that I was a Czech born. I think it will be missing in the international arena. Pro many people around the world the word 'Havel' and 'Czech' one and the same. Havel laid Prague and throughout the Czech Republic on the map to the period after the Cold War. "

Vaclav Havel, writer and dramatist, the last president of Czechoslovakia and the first president of the Czech Republic. Born on 5 10th 1936 in Prague known business family. His grandfather built the Lucerna Palace in Prague, uncle founded the Barrandov Film Studios. The family was very closely linked to the cultural and political events in Czechoslovakia in the twenties and forties.

The turning point came after the communist coup in 1948. Vaclav Havel was allowed after the end of elementary school go to college. Therefore joined a four-year apprenticeship as a chemical laboratory assistant and simultaneously took evening classes graduated from high school. After military service, he worked as a stage technician and after the partial release ratios could remote studied dramaturgy at the Theatre Faculty of the Academy of Performing Arts (DAMU). In 1964 he premiered his first play The Garden Party.

During the Prague Spring, he worked in the Club of Independent Writers and the Club of Committed Non-Party. With the advent of so-called normalization that followed the suppression of the Prague Spring of 1968 by the Warsaw Pact, had to leave the theater. In 1975 he founded typed samizdat publishing a series of independent literature Edition Expedition. Consistently acted against political repression. In 1975 he wrote an open letter to President Gustav Husak. The culmination of political activity at this time was publication of Charter 77 He was one of the founders of this initiative, and one of its first three speakers. In April 1979, he co-founded the Committee for the Defense of the Unjustly Prosecuted. For all these activities he was imprisoned three times and spent five years there.

Jitka Zadražilová, zadrazilova@mediafax.cz

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PROFIL: Václav Havel, symbol pádu totality v Československu, by oslavil šestasedmdesátiny

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